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References

Source:Wikipedia:1957 in India


Year wise Notable Events
1800-1899 Notable Events
1851 First telegraph line in India is operational between Calcutta and Diamond Harbour.
1853 First train in India runs from Bombay to Thane.
1857 First war of Indian independence also called the Sepoy Mutiny by the British.
1881 The first complete census of population conducted on a uniform basis throughout India.
1885 Formation of Indian National Congress by A.O. Hume, Dadabhai Naoroji, Dinshaw Wacha, W.C. Bonnerjee and others.
1900-1999 Notable Events
1905 Partition of Bengal by Lord Curzon. Swadeshi Movement launched.
1909 Indian Council Act popularly known as Minto Morley reforms allowing a limited increase in the involvement of Indians in governance passed.
1911 Visit of King George V to India, Shifting of capital from Calcutta to Delhi. Jana Gana Mana first sung at Calcutta session of INC. Launch of first air mail in India & World from Bumraulli to Allahabad.
1919 Government of India Act, 1919 introducing dyarchy, Rowlatt Act, Jallianwala Bagh tragedy.
1920 Khilafat movement, Launch of Non-cooperation movement.
1922 Chauri Chaura outrage in UP, Suspension of Non-cooperation movement.
1928 Visit of Simon Commission to India, Death of Lala Lajpat Rai
1929 Resolution of complete independence at Lahore session of Indian National Congress.
1930 Dandi March, Launch of the Civil Disobedience Movement.
1931 Gandhi Irwin pact, execution of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru.
1935 Government of India Act.
1942 Quit India movement, Formation of Azad Hind Fauz.
1943 Visit of Cripps Commission to India.
1946 British Cabinet mission visited India.
1947 Independence and partition of India.
1948 Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi, 1st Pak aggression
1950 India became republic
1951 1st Five year plan and 1st Asian Games in Delhi
1952 1st General elections
1954 Panchasheel signed by India and China
1956 Reorganisation of Indian states on linguistic basis
1957 Introduction of decimal system in currency
1959 First television service started in India in New Delhi.
1961 Liberation of Goa from the Portuguese
1962 Chinese aggression
1964 Death of Jawaharlal Nehru
1965 Indo-Pak war
1966 Death of Lal Bahadur Shastri
1969 Split in Indian National Congress and nationalisation of 14 banks. India's first Atomic Power Station Tarapur commences commercial operation.
1971 Indo-Pak war
1972 Simla agreement signed between India and Pakistan
1974 First nuclear test codenamed Smiling Buddha carried out at Pokhran (Rajasthan)(May 18).
1975 First Indian satellite Aryabhatta launched, Imposition of Emergency in the country.
1977 Congress loses power for the first time at the centre
1980 Return of Congress to power, nationalisation of six more banks.
1982 Colour television comes to India. IX Asian Games held in Delhi.
1984 Death of Indira Gandhi.
1991 Death of Rajiv Gandhi. Commencement of economic liberalisation in India.
1992 Demolition of Babri Masjid.
1995 Internet comes to India.
1998 India’s second nuclear test codenamed Operation Shakti.
1999 Kargil invasion by Pakistani troops.
2000-Present Notable Events
2000 India's population reaches 1 billion mark.
2001 Earthquake in Gujarat (January), Attack on Indian Parliament (December).
2002 Godhra incident.
2004 Tsunami in Indian Ocean.
2008 Launch of India's first lunar probe, Chandrayaan-1.
2013 Launch of Mars Orbiter Mission.

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