Bengal (Bengali: ???? Bôngo, ????? Bangla, ??????? Bôngodesh or ???????? Bangladesh), is a historical and geographical region in the northeast of South Asia. Today it is mainly divided between the independent nation of Bangladesh (previously East Pakistan), and the Indian federal republic's constitutive state of West Bengal, although some regions of the previous kingdoms of Bengal (during local monarchical regimes and British rule) are now part of the neighboring Indian states of Bihar, Tripura and Orissa. The majority of Bengal is inhabited by Bengali people (?????? Bangali) who speak Bengali (????? Bangla). 
The region of Bengal is one of the most densely populated regions on earth, with a population density exceeding 900/km².
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