Standing Buddha sculpture, ancient region of Gandhara, northern Pakistan, 1st century CE.

Siddhārtha Gautama (pronunciation: sɪd̪.d̪ʰaːr.t̪ʰə gəʊ.t̪ə.mə), in Sanskrit, or Siddhattha Gotama, in Pali, was a spiritual teacher from Nepal and the founder of Buddhism.

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He is generally recognized by Buddhists as the Supreme Buddha (Sammāsambuddha).

Gautama, also known as Śākyamuni (pronounced: {IPA-[ʃaː.kjə.mʊ.nɪ]} or Shakyamuni (Skt.; Pali: Sakyamuni; English: “sage of the Shakya clan”), is the key figure in Buddhism, and accounts of his life, discourses, and monastic rules were said to have been summarized after his death and memorized by the sangha. Passed down by oral tradition, the Tipitaka, the collection of teachings attributed to Gautama by the Theravada, was committed to writing some centuries later.

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