FANDOM



Gujarat (/ˌɡʊdʒəˈrɑːt/ Gujǎrāt [ˈɡudʒ(ə)ɾaːt̪] ) is a state in Western India, sometimes referred to as the "Jewel of Western India". It has an area of 196,024 km2 (75,685 sq mi) with a coastline of 1,600 km (990 mi), most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula, and a population in excess of 60 million. The state is bordered by Rajasthan to the north, Maharashtra to the south, Madhya Pradesh to the east, and the Arabian Sea and the Pakistani province of Sindh to the west. Its capital city is Gandhinagar, while its largest city is Ahmedabad. Gujarat is home to the Gujarati-speaking people of India.

The state encompasses some sites of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, such as Lothal and Dholavira. Lothal is believed to be one of the world's first seaports. Gujarat's coastal cities, chiefly Bharuch and Khambhat, served as ports and trading centres in the Maurya and Gupta empires, and during the succession of royal Saka dynasties from the Western Satraps era.

Gujarat was known to the ancient Greeks, and was familiar in other Western centres of civilisation through the end of the European Middle Ages. The oldest written record of Gujarat's 2,000-year maritime history is documented in a Greek book titled The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea: Travel and Trade in the Indian Ocean by a Merchant of the First Century.

Etymology

History

Ancient history

Medieval history

Rajput Period

Muslim rule

Islamic Conquests 1197–1614 AD

The Sultanate of Gujarat and the merchants

Gujarat in the Mughal Empire

Maratha Empire

European Colonialism 1614–1947 AD

Post independence

Geography

Rann of Kutch

Demographics

Religion

Language

Governance and administration

Economy

Infrastructure

Industrial growth

Power plants

Agriculture

Culture

Literature

Cuisine

Cinema

Music

Festivals

Diffusion of culture

Flora and Fauna

Dinosaur Park Balasinor

Tourism

Transport

Air

International airports

Domestic airports operated by the Airports Authority of India (AAI)

State-operated airports

Rail

Sea

Road

Education and research

Research

Notable individuals

See also

References

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.