It was established in 1955.
It is nestling in low hilly terrain, at an average altitude of 615 meters in the Indian state of Jharkhand. The sanctuary stretches over 184 square km of undulating country and steep hills with dense tropical forests and grass meadows.
Flora and fauna
The Hazaribagh National Park has an abundance of wild animals like the wild boar, sambar, nilgai, chital, sloth bear, tiger and panther.
Sighting of wild boar, sambar, nilgai, cheetal, and kakar is assured especially near the waterholes at dusk. Tigers being less in number are difficult to sight.
The climate in this region is tropical with hot summers and cold winters. Temperature during the summer months touch a high of 41.1'C and a low of 19.4'C. Winter months are better and the temperature ranges between a maximum and minimum of 19.4'C and 7'C. The monsoon months are July to mid-September.
The nearest airport is Ranchi (91 km), is connected with Calcutta, Patna, Lucknow and Delhi by regular Indian Airlines flights.
The nearest railway station is Koderma, which is 59 km away. Alternately one can approach the park from the Hazaribagh Road railway station (67 km) on the Howrah-Delhi Grand Chord line.
Hazaribagh town is connected by road to Ranchi 91 km, Dhanbad 128 km, Gaya 130 km, Patna 235 km, Daltongunj 198 km, and Calcutta (via Asansol-Govindapur-Barhi) 434 km. The Hazaribagh National Park is 19 km from the Hazaribagh town.
Regular bus services connect the town with Koderma, Hazaribagh Road railway station, Patna, Gaya, Ranchi, Dhanbad, Daltongunj and other nearby places.
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