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800px-Map Gujarat state and districts-SIKKA

Gujarat State showing Jamnagar district.

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Overview: People and place

Overview:People and place

Place

Jamnagar is a city and a municipal corporation in Jamnagar district. The city was built up substantially by Maharaja Kumar Shri Ranjitsinhji in the 1920s, when the district was known as Nawanagar.

People

As of 2001 India census, Jamnagar had a population of 447,734. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Jamnagar has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 75%, and female literacy is 63%. In Jamnagar, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Most residents of Jamnagar are Gujarati and speak Gujarati language. A small percentage speak Kachchi language which is written in the Gujarati script but is not mutually intelligible with Gujarati. Kathiawadi Language (which is a variant of Gujarati)is widely used for day to day communication.

Major communities include Dawoodi Bohras Ahirs(Yadav), Patels, Bhanushalis, Rajputs (Khavas), Mers, Jains, Oswals, Lohanas etc.

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History

The Jamnagar was originally known as Halar,

According to vedic / Pauranik literature, Lord Krishna established his kingdom at Dwarka, Dwarka is now in Jamnagar district, He establsished his base in Jamnagar (Dwarka) after his migration from Mathura and it is to this great Yadava race that the Jams of Nawanagar trace their descent.

Later in 1535 A.D. Jam Rawal who descended on the northern coast of Kathiawar, founded Jamnagar which was then named as Halar.

According to bardic chronicles, Jam Lakhaji had two cousins Tamachi Deda and Hamirji Jadeja, they envied his reputation for valor. Their envy was heightened by the fame of Jam Lakhaji at the siege of Pawagadh. So largely did he contribute to its capture by Bahadurshah, the Emperor of Gujarat, that he was bestowed 12 villages by him. As Jam Lakaji was going to take possession of his new fief, he was treacherously killed by his cousins Tamachi Deda and Hamirji Jadeja. Jam Lakhajis son Jam Rawal escaped and on growing up, took vengeance of his fathers murder in the same manner by killing Hamirji Jadeja.

Hamirjis two sons Khengarji and Sahibji fled to Delhi and after twelve months of waiting to meet the Great Moghul Emperor Humayun, they got the chance to join the crowd goingalong with the Emperor for lion hunting.

During the lion hunt, they got the chance to kill the lion just when it was going to attack the Emperor. As a reward, an army of 1,00,000 was sent with them to regain back their kingdom.

When Jam Rawal heard of the two princes coming back to the Kutch with the imperial army, he started getting ready for the battle. On one night, Goddess Ashapura came in his dream and told him that as he had broken the oath taken on her name about not killing Hamirji, even though, he was the person responsible for the death of his father. She should have punished him, but as he had at all other times honored her. So he should no longer dwell in Kutch but cross the sea and take Kathiawar as a dwelling place.

Upon awakening he called his counselors and discussed the dream, they agreed that he must leave Kutch and found for himself a Kingdom across the Gulf. So Jam Rawal along with his soldiers and many traders marched out. On the way he killed and conquered the territory of King Tamachi the other conspirator in the killing of his father, and he also conquered the town of Dhrol and its dependencies and gave them to his brother Hardholji, who was later killed in battle during that period, and the State of Dhrol was given to his eldest son, Jasoji.

Thus Jam Rawal made himself master of a great territory and the need for a capital arose.

The story goes like this, that once on a hunting trip on the land of present day Jamnagar, a hare was found to be brave enough to turn on the hunting dogs and putting them to flight. Deeply impressed by this, Jam Rawal thought that if this land can breed such hares, if his capital was built on this land, the men born here would be superior than other men.

He counsulted his astrologers and wise men, and the day chosen for laying the foundation stone was the 7th day of the bright half of the month of srawan, VS 1956. (August 1540 AD) on the banks of two rivers Rangmati and Nagmati and named it Nawanagar meaning new town.

Nawanagar eventually came to be known as Jamnagar meaning the town of the Jams.

Geography

Jamnagar is located at 22.47° N 70.07° E. It has an average elevation of 20 metres (65 feet). Jamnagar has a lake called Lakhota lake which is very popular among local Jamnagar residents.

This is very close to the Pakistani mainland and not-too-distant from the city of Karachi.

Culture

Culture

Most residents of Jamnagar are Gujarati and speak Gujarati language. A small percentage speak Kachchi language which is written in the Gujarati script but is not mutually intelligible with Gujarati. Kathiawadi Language (which is a variant of Gujarati)is widely used for day to day communication.

Major communities include Dawoodi Bohras Ahirs(Yadav), Patels, Bhanushalis, Rajputs (Khavas), Mers, Jains, Oswals, Lohanas etc.

Education

Jamnagar has many higher education institutes.

National Park

Marine National Park, the only marine sanctuary of India is near Jamnagar - on the coral reef island of Pirotan.

Religion

Jamnagar is well-known for its four marble Jain temples: Vardhman Shah's Temple, Raisi Shah's Temple, Sheth's Temple, and Vasupujya Swami's Temple. All were built between 1574 and 1622. Bala Hanuman temple in Jamnagar is also very famous and is listed in the Guinness book of world records for the continuous chanting of "Ram Dhun" since 1st August 1964.

Archeology

There are ancient and archeologially important temples like : Sidhnath Mahadev Temple in Jamnagar city area, the Navlakha Temple in Ghumli, Kileshwar Temple in Barda Hills, and the ancient Sun Temple at Gop.

Economy

Jamnagar has a large number of small metal foundries/companies located in Udhyognagar and GIDC phase 1&2.

Reliance Industries has a greenfield project located in Motikhavdi which houses largest petroleum refinery in Asia.

Jamnagar is also a home to Bandhani sarees.

Also, the Indian Navy has a naval base as well as an air base nearby.

Politics

Jamnagar/Politics

Sport and recreation

This place is connected with (cricket)- Ranji_Trophy.

The Ranji Trophy is named after Kumar Shri Ranjitsinhji (Jam Sahib of Nawanagar, also known as "Ranji").

External links

Trivia

Tourism

About 1970s there were two tourist attractions, as under-

1. Burial ground

2. Solarium

1. Burial ground

This has also been made into a park with walk ways and statues of Gods' and goddess's-a normal place for visitors to move around and see.

2. Solarium

This is a one side glass lined rotating room on top of a tower about 40 ft.height, in the local hospital. This room used to rotate such that the glass side always faces the sun. People requiring sun bath used to spend time here.

Probably, the only one of its kind in India.

User reviews

jamnagar is a very nice place for living.

Photo gallery

Jamnagar/Photo gallery

See also

See Also Jamnagar On Web
Jamnagar News
Nobat

Everything else

If you want to add anything else, you are most welcome to add your views and comments here or on the talk page or at the Forums!

Jamnagar/Everything else

External links

If you want to add personal links, please do that on your user page (you can also write your profile there). If you have a link with great content that visitors need, you can add it at Jamnagar/Links

States of India: Andhra Pradesh - Arunachal Pradesh - Assam - Bihar - Chhattisgarh- Goa - Gujarat - Haryana - Himachal Pradesh - Jammu and Kashmir - Jharkhand - Karnataka - Kerala - Madhya Pradesh - Maharashtra - Manipur - Meghalaya - Mizoram - Nagaland - Orissa - Punjab - Rajasthan - Sikkim - Tamil Nadu - Telangana - Tripura - Uttar Pradesh - Uttarakhand - West Bengal

Union Territories of India: Andaman and Nicobar Islands - Chandigarh - Dadra and Nagar Haveli - Daman and Diu - Lakshadweep - National Capital Territory of Delhi - Puducherry

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