Ladakh locator map.svg

Ladakh Ladakhi {(Urdu-لدّاخ)}; ("land of high passes") is a region in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.


It lies between the Kunlun mountain range in the north and the main Great Himalayas to the south.


The largest town in Ladakh is Leh.


This area is inhabited by people of Indo-Aryan and Tibetan descent. It is one of the most sparsely populated regions in Kashmir.

A majority of Ladakhis are Tibetan Buddhists and the rest are mostly Shia Muslims.


Ladakh is renowned for its remote mountain beauty and culture. It is sometimes called "Little Tibet" as it has been strongly influenced by Tibetan culture.


In the past Ladakh gained importance from its strategic location as it lies in the important crossroads of trade routes,

since the Chinese authorities closed the borders with Tibet and Central Asia in the 1960s, international trade has dwindled except for tourism.


Since 1974 the Indian Government has successfully encouraged tourism in Ladakh although the strong Indian military presence shows that it still remains a disputed territory, between India and Pakistan and India and China.

See ref

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