The National Chambal (Gharial) Wildlife Sanctuary in India was founded in 1979 and is part of a large area co-administered by the states of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, within an area of 5,400 square kilometres along the Chambal River.
Apart from the Ganges River Dolphin, the other inhabitants of the sanctuary include magar (crocodile) and gharial. Stretch of crystal clear water also supports Marsh Crocodile, Smooth-coated Otters, and 6 species of Terrapins/Turtles.
It has also 250 species of birds. Migratory birds from Siberia forms its rich avian fauna.One of the rare bird present here is Indian Skimmers. Black-bellied Terns, Red-crested Pochard and Ferruginous Pochard, Bar-headed Goose, Sarus Crane, Great Thick-knee, Indian Courser, Pallas's Fish Eagle, Pallid Harrier, Greater Flamingos and Lesser Flamingos, Darters, and Brown Hawk Owl and many other birds are part of the sanctuary's rich fauna.
Part of the sanctuary is under heavy illegal sand mining, which is endangering its fragile ecosystem.
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