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 India is an ancient country, and covers from Kashmir in the North to Kanyakumari in the South, and from Kohima in the East to Kutch in the West.

Population

Majority population of India comprises of Hindus (82%)

It is the second most populous country (2007 estimated population: 1.2 billion) in the world, topped by only China.

States and union territories of India by population

The total geographical area of India is 3,287,240 square kilometres (1,269,210 sq mi)α.[2] Population density is rounded to the nearest integer.

As per census data 2011, the total population of India is: 1,210,193,422.[11]

Rank[1] State or union territory

[2]

Population(2011 Census)[3] % of Population[12][4] Population (2001 Census)[5]  % of Population (2001)[6]  % Growth (2001-2011)[7] Decadal Growth (2001-2011)[8] Rural Pop.[13][9] Urban Pop.[13][10] Area km²[14][11] Density (per km²)[12] Area mi²[13] Density (per mi²)[14] Sex ratio

[15]

01 Uttar Pradesh 199,581,477 16.49% 166,197,921 16.16% 20.1% 33,383,556 155,111,022 44,470,455 240,928 828 93,022.8 2146 908
02 Maharashtra 112,372,972 9.28% 96,878,627 9.42% 16.0% 15,494,345 61,545,441 50,827,531 307,713 365 118,808.7 815 946
03 Bihar 103,804,637 8.58% 82,998,509 8.07% 25.1% 20,806,128 92,075,028 11,729,609 94,163 1102 36,356.5 2,855 916
04 West Bengal 91,347,736 7.55% 80,176,197 7.79% 13.9% 11,171,539 62,213,676 29,134,060 88,752 1029 34,267.3 2,666 947
05 Andhra Pradesh 84,665,533 7.00% 76,210,007 7.41% 11.1% 8,455,526 56,311,788 28,353,745 275,045 308 106,195.5 797 992
06 Madhya Pradesh 72,597,565 6.00% 60,348,023 5.87% 20.3% 12,249,542 52,537,899 20,059,666 308,245 236 119,014.1 610 930
07 Tamil Nadu 72,138,958 5.96% 62,405,679 6.07% 15.6% 9,733,279 37,189,229 34,949,729 130,058 555 50,215.7 1,437 995
08 Rajasthan 68,621,012 5.67% 56,507,188 5.49% 21.4% 12,113,824 51,540,236 17,080,776 342,239 201 132,139.2 519 926
09 Karnataka 61,130,704 5.05% 52,850,562 5.14% 15.7% 8,280,142 37,552,529 23,578,175 191,791 319 74,050.9 826 968
10 Gujarat 60,383,628 4.99% 50,671,017 4.93% 19.2% 9,712,611 34,670,817 25,712,811 196,024 308 75,685.3 798 918
11 Orissa 41,947,358 3.47% 36,804,660 3.58% 14.0% 5,142,698 34,951,234 6,996,124 155,707 269 60,118.8 698 978
12 Kerala 33,387,677 2.76% 31,841,374 3.10% 4.9% 1,546,303 17,445,506 15,932,171 38,863 859 15,005.1 2,225 1,084
13 Jharkhand 32,966,238 2.72% 26,945,829 2.62% 22.3% 6,020,409 25,036,946 7,929,292 79,714 414 30,777.7 1071 947
14 Assam 31,169,272 2.58% 26,655,528 2.59% 16.9% 4,513,744 26,780,526 4,388,756 78,438 397 30,285.1 1029 954
15 Punjab 27,704,236 2.30% 24,358,999 2.37% 13.7% 3,345,237 17,316,800 10,387,436 50,362 550 19,444.9 1,4253 893
16 Haryana 25,353,081 2.09% 21,144,564 2.06% 19.9% 4,208,517 16,531,493 8,821,588 44,212 573 17,070.3 1,485 877
17 Chhattisgarh 25,540,196 2.11% 20,833,803 2.03% 22.6% 4,706,393 19,603,658 5,936,538 135,191 189 52,197.5 489 991
18 Jammu and Kashmir 12,548,926 1.04% 10,143,700 0.99% 23.7% 2,405,226 9,134,820 3,414,106 222,236 56 85,805.8 146 883
19 Uttarakhand 10,116,752 0.84% 8,489,349 0.83% 19.2% 1,627,403 7,025,583 3,091,169 53,483 189 20,649.9 490 963
20 Himachal Pradesh 6,856,509 0.57% 6,077,900 0.59% 12.8% 778,609 6,167,805 688,704 55,673 123 21,495.5 319 974
21 Tripura 3,671,032 0.30% 3,199,203 0.31% 14.7% 471,829 2,710,051 960,981 10,486 350 4,048.7 907 961
22 Meghalaya 2,964,007 0.24% 2,318,822 0.23% 27.8% 645,185 2,368,971 595,036 22,429 132 8,659.9 342 986
23 Manipurβ 2,721,756 0.22% 2,293,896 0.22% 18.7% 427,860 1,899,624 822,132 22,327 122 8,620.5 316 987
24 Nagaland 1,980,602 0.16% 1,990,036 0.19% -0.5% -9,434 1,406,861 573,741 16,579 119 6,401.2 309 931
25 Goa 1,457,723 0.12% 1,347,668 0.13% 8.2% 110,055 551,414 906,309 3,702 394 1,429.4 1020 968
26 Arunachal Pradesh 1,382,611 0.11% 1,097,968 0.11% 25.9% 284,643 1,069,165 313,446 83,743 17 32,333.4 43 920
27 Mizoram 1,091,014 0.09% 888,573 0.09% 22.8% 202,441 529,037 561,997 21,081 52 8,139.4 134 975
28 Sikkim 607,688 0.05% 540,851 0.05% 12.4% 66,837 455,962 151,726 7,096 86 2,739.8 222 889
UT1 Delhi 16,753,235 1.38% 13,850,507 1.35% 21% 2,902,728 419,319 16,333,916 11,297 9,340 572.6 29,258 866
UT2 Puducherry 1,244,464 0.10% 974,345 0.09% 27.7% 270,119 394,341 850,123 479 2,598 184.9 6,730 1,038
UT3 Chandigarh 1,054,686 0.09% 900,635 0.09% 17.1% 154,051 29,004 1,025,682 114 9,252 44.0 23,970 818
UT4 Andaman and Nicobar Islands 379,944 0.03% 356,152 0.03% 6.7% 23,792 244,411 135,533 8,249 46 3,185.0 119 878
UT5 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 342,853 0.03% 220,490 0.02% 55.5% 122,363 183,024 159,829 491 698 189.6 1,808 775
UT6 Daman and Diu 242,911 0.02% 158,204 0.02% 53.5% 84,707 60,331 182,580 112 2,169 43.2 5,623 618
UT7 Lakshadweep 64,429 0.01% 60,650 0.01% 6.2% 3,779 14,121 50,308 32 2,013 12.4 5,196 946
Total India 1,210,193,422 100% 1,028,737,436 100% 17.64% 181,455,986 833,087,662 377,105,760 3,287,240 368 1,269,210.5 954 940

Religions

Followers of all other major religions of the world also live in India - Hindus (82%), Muslims (15%), Zoroastrians (0.01%), Sikhs (1.93%), Jains (0.40%),Christians (2.3%), Buddhists (0.77%) and Jews. It is also the birthplace of major religions like Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism.

Telugu people

See also Telugu language.

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