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LocationSingapore

Singapur location

Singapore (in Mandarin: 新加坡, Xīnjiāpō; in Malay: Singapura; in Tamil: சிங்கப்பூர், Cingkappūr) is an island nation located at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula.

Location

It lies 137 kilometres (85 mi) north of the equator, south of the Malaysian state of Johor and north of Indonesia's Riau Islands. At 704.0 km² (272 sq mi),

Area

It is as small as 704.0 km² (272 sq mi). It is one of the few remaining city-states in the world and the smallest country in Southeast Asia.

People

Several hundred indigenous Orang Laut people lived around the coast, rivers and smaller islands.

Importance

The British used Singapore as a strategic trading post along the spice route. It became one of the most important commercial and military centres of the British Empire.

History

The British East India Company established a trading post on the island in 1819. The main settlement at that point was a Malay fishing village at the mouth of the Singapore River.

Singapore reverted to British rule in 1945.

In 1963, it merged with Malaya, Sabah and Sarawak to form Malaysia. Less than two years later it split from the federation and became an independent republic on 9 August 1965.

Singapore joined the United Nations on September 21 that same year.

Living

Since independence, Singapore's standard of living has increased. Foreign direct investment and a state-led industrialization drive based on plans drawn up by the Dutch economist Albert Winsemius have created a modern economy based on electronics manufacturing, petrochemicals, tourism and financial services alongside the traditional entrepôt trade.

Smallwikipedialogo.png This page uses content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Singapur. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with the India Wikia, the text of Wikipedia is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.

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