Solar power in India refers specifically to the conversion of sunlight into electricity by photovoltaics, concentrating on solar thermal devices, on a commercial scale.
The amount of solar energy produced in India is merely 5000 trillion kWh/yr compared to other energy resources.
Solar power is currently prohibitive due to high initial costs of deployment. For spawning a thriving solar market, the technology needs to be competitively cheaper - i.e. attaining cost parity with fossil or nuclear energy. India is heavily dependent on coal and foreign oil - a phenomenon likely to continue until non-fossil / renewable energy technology become economically viable in the country.
The cost of production of this energy ranges from Rs 15 to Rs 30 per unit compared to around Rs 2 to Rs 6 per unit for conventional thermal energy.
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