The Federal Public Service Commission or Union public service commission which is officially and popularly known as UPSC is a constitutional body in India authorized to conduct examinations for appointment to the various civil services of the Union.
The first Public Service Commission was set up on October 1, 1926 by the then British Indian Government in response to the demands of Indian politicians that the superior Civil Services be Indianized.
The functions of this Public Service Commission were largely advisory and, because of this limitation, it failed to satisfy the demands of Indian political parties associated with the struggle for freedom. The British Indian government then set up a Federal Public Service Commission and provided for the formation of provincial level Public Service Commissions under the Government of India Act 1935.
The Union Public Service Commission if requested by the Governor of a State, may, with the approval of the President work for the State.
Members of UPSC
The Chairman and other members of the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) are appointed by the President of India. At least half of the members of the Commission are Civil Servants (working or retired) with minimum ten years of experience either in Central or State service.
Term of office
Every member holds office for a term of six years or until he attains the age of sixty-five years, whichever is earlier.
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